The Alien Within: Representations of the Exotic in Twentieth-Century Japanese Literature
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272pp. February 2009
The Alien Within: Representations of the Exotic in Twentieth-Century Japanese Literature
Author: Morton, Leith;
"Leith Morton adds an exciting and valuable dimension to this field of criticism by introducing some relatively unknown but important writers and providing original and stimulating discussions of others who are under-treated but significant. By helping us look at these literary figures in a different light, he adds new layers to a fascinating subject." —Susan Napier, Tufts University

"The Alien Within is an ambitious project and one that Leith Morton is ideally placed to carry out. He offers a cogent and persuasive thesis on a topic of inherent interest not only to Japanese literature specialists but to a broader audience as well." —Mark Williams, University of Leeds

Readers worldwide have long been drawn to the foreign, the exotic, and the alien, even before Freud’s famous essay on the uncanny in 1919. Given Japan’s many years of relative isolation, followed by its multicultural empire, these themes seem particularly ripe for exploration and exploitation by Japanese writers. Their literary adventures have taken them inside Japan as well as outside, and how they internalized the exotic through the adoption of modernist techniques and subject matter forms the primary subject of this book.

The Alien Within is the first book-length thematic study in English of the alien in modern Japanese literature and helps shed new light on a number of important authors. Morton examines the Gothic, a form of writing with strong affinities to European Gothic and a motif in the fiction of several key modern Japanese writers, such as Arishima Takeo. Morton also discusses the translations of Tsubouchi Shoyo, Japan’s most famous early translator of Shakespeare, and how this most alien and exotic author was absorbed into the Japanese literary and theatrical tradition. The new field of translation theory and how it relates to translating Shakespeare are also discussed.

Morton devotes two chapters to the celebrated female poet Yosano Akiko, whose verse on childbirth and her unborn children broke taboos relating to the expression of the female body and sensibility. He also highlights the writing of contemporary Okinawan novelist Oshiro Tatsuhiro, whose work springs from what is for Japanese an exotic subtropical landscape and makes symbolic reference to the otherness at the heart of Japanese religiosity. Another significant but equally overlooked subject is the focus of the final chapter, which analyzes the travel writing of internationally best-selling author Murakami Haruki. Murakami’s great corpus of work includes a one-volume study of the 2000 Sydney Olympics, which Morton discusses in detail.

The Alien Within breaks new ground in its treatment of the exotic in modern Japanese writing and in its discussion of authors and work hitherto absent from critical discussions in English. It will be of significant interest to readers of literature and students of modern Japanese culture and women’s writing as well as those fascinated by the occult, Gothic fiction, and the exotic.

“[This] work will satisfy narrativists by giving close readings of new authors (as well as new readings of old ones), while still providing much material for contextualists interested in connections between Japan and its many ‘Others’.” —Asian Studies Review (34:4, December 1210–January 2011)

"The Alien Within is smoothly written and edited, and the translations of prose and poetry are thoughtful and generally elegant. The book is an informed, engaging study of an important topic—the exotic, the alien, and the Other in modern Japanese literature." —Journal of Japanese Studies (36:2, 2010)

"Leith Morton’s lucid literary investigation of alterity is essential reading not only for students of Japanese literature but also for those who are interested in cross-cultural translation theory, modernity, colonialism, and the arts in general." —Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia (41, 2009–2010)

Author: Morton, Leith;
Leith Morton is professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.



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