What's the Use of Art?: Asian Visual and Material Culture in Context
328pp. December 2007
What's the Use of Art?: Asian Visual and Material Culture in Context
Editor: Mrazek, Jan; Pitelka, Morgan;
Post-Enlightenment notions of culture, which have been naturalized in the West for centuries, require that art be autonomously beautiful, universal, and devoid of any practical purpose. The authors of this multidisciplinary volume seek to complicate this understanding of art by examining art objects from across Asia with attention to their functional, ritual, and everyday contexts. From tea bowls used in the Japanese tea ceremony to television broadcasts of Javanese puppet theater; from Indian wedding chamber paintings to art looted by the British army from the Chinese emperor’s palace; from the adventures of a Balinese magical dagger to the political functions of classical Khmer images—the authors challenge prevailing notions of artistic value by introducing new ways of thinking about culture.

The chapters consider art objects as they are involved in the world: how they operate and are experienced in specific sites, collections, rituals, performances, political and religious events and imagination, and in individual peoples’ lives; how they move from one context to another and change meaning and value in the process (for example, when they are collected, traded, and looted or when their images appear in art history textbooks); how their memories and pasts are or are not part of their meaning and experience. Rather than lead to a single universalizing definition of art, the essays offer multiple, divergent, and case-specific answers to the question "What is the use of art?" and argue for the need to study art as it is used and experienced.

Contributors: Cynthea J. Bogel, Louise Cort, Richard H. Davis, Robert DeCaroli, James L. Hevia, Janet Hoskins, Kaja McGowan, Jan Mrázek, Lene Pedersen, Morgan Pitelka, Ashley Thompson.

52 illus.

“Each of the essays is a well-crafted introduction to its topic and each constitutes a fruitful ‘way of seeing’ that builds upon and expands our knowledge of Asian art history.” —Southeast Asian Studies (42:3, 2011)
Editor: Mrazek, Jan; Pitelka, Morgan;
Jan Mrázek is assistant professor in the Southeast Asian Studies Programme, National University of Singapore. Morgan Pitelka is associate professor in the Asian Studies Department at Occidental College in Los Angeles.
Read the introduction (PDF).
Introduction: Wrapping and Unwrapping Art 
Morgan Pitelka

1. From the Living Rock: Understanding Figural Representation in Early South Asia
Robert Decaroli
2. Disposable but Indispensable: The Earthenware Vessel as Vehicle of Meaning in Japan
Louise Allison Cort
3. From the Wedding Chamber to the Museum: Relocating the Ritual Arts of Madhubani 
Richard H. Davis
4. In the Realm of the Indigo Queen: Dyeing, Exchange Magic, and the Elusive Tourist Dollar on Sumba 
Janet Hoskins

5. Plunder, Markets, and Museums: The Biographies of Chinese Imperial Objects in Europe and North America 
James L. Hevia
6. Situating Moving Objects: A Sino-Japanese Catalogue of Imported Items, 800 CE to the Present
Cynthea J. Bogel

7. Angkor Revisited: The State of Statuary 
Ashley Thompson
8. An Ancestral Keris, Balinese Kingship, and a Modern Presidency 
Lene Pedersen
9. Raw Ingredients and Deposit Boxes in Balinese Sanctuaries: A Congruence of Obsessions
Kaja M. Mcgowan

Conclusion: Ways of Experiencing Art: Art History, Television, and Javanese Wayang 
Jan Mrázek Contributors