Leaving Paradise: Indigenous Hawaiians in the Pacific Northwest, 1787-1898
528pp. May 2006
Leaving Paradise: Indigenous Hawaiians in the Pacific Northwest, 1787-1898
Author: Barman, Jean; Watson, Bruce McIntyre;
Native Hawaiians arrived in the Pacific Northwest as early as 1787. Some went out of curiosity; many others were recruited as seamen or as workers in the fur trade. By the end of the nineteenth century more than a thousand men and women had journeyed across the Pacific, but the stories of these extraordinary individuals have gone largely unrecorded in Hawaiian or Western sources. Through painstaking archival work in British Columbia, Oregon, California, and Hawaii, Jean Barman and Bruce Watson pieced together what is known about these sailors, laborers, and settlers from 1787 to 1898, the year the Hawaiian Islands were annexed to the United States. In addition, the authors include descriptive biographical entries on some eight hundred Native Hawaiians, a remarkable and invaluable complement to their narrative history.

"Kanakas" (as indigenous Hawaiians were called) formed the backbone of the fur trade along with French Canadians and Scots. As the trade waned and most of their countrymen returned home, several hundred men with indigenous wives raised families and formed settlements throughout the Pacific Northwest. Today their descendants remain proud of their distinctive heritage. The resourcefulness of these pioneers in the face of harsh physical conditions and racism challenges the early Western perception that Native Hawaiians were indolent and easily exploited.

Scholars and others interested in a number of fields—Hawaiian history, Pacific Islander studies, Western U.S. and Western Canadian history, diaspora studies—will find Leaving Paradise an indispensable work.

44 illus., 5 maps

"A thorough and fascinating account of Native Hawaiians (Kanakas) who left the islands and helped establish the fur trade and some of the first settlements in the Pacific Northwest. . . . Leaving Paradise contributes to our understanding of ethnicity, American history, colonization, global trade, migration, identity, and the intersections of race, class, and gender." —Pacific Northwest Quarterly (Fall 2006)

"As a result of the authors’ painstaking research of the records of businesses like the North West Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company, Leaving Paradise deftly weaves biographical sketches about the native Hawaiians, who braved the wet and cold lands of Canada and the American Northwest, without losing its narrative focus." —Honolulu Weekly (November 15–21, 2006)

Author: Barman, Jean; Watson, Bruce McIntyre;
Jean Barman, a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, is the author of several books, including The West beyond the West: A History of British Columbia. Bruce Watson is currently completing a biographical dictionary of the Pacific Northwest fur trade. In 2000, the authors, both of whom live in Vancouver, received the Washington State Historical Society’s Charles Gates Memorial Award.
Read Chapter 1 (PDF).