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Expressive Japanese: A Reference Guide for Sharing Emotion and Empathy
448pp. February 2005
Expressive Japanese: A Reference Guide for Sharing Emotion and Empathy
Author: Maynard, Senko K.;
Feelings play an enormous part in our lives, but their expression is often neglected in foreign language education. How do I communicate happiness, surprise, or anger? How do others communicate these emotions to me? Such questions become increasingly relevant as we become more competent in the language we are learning. Expressive Japanese is the first detailed guide to emotion words and expressive strategies for students of the language. Words connoting feelings, such as "kanashii" (sad), are important in everyday Japanese conversation, but communicating emotions effectively also requires the use of expressive strategies, such as "Nani?" (What the heck?), "Yattaa!" (I did it!), or "Hottoite!" (Leave me alone!).

Introductory chapters examine the characteristics, constraints, and history of expressive Japanese and discuss linguistic variations and styles and how these play a part in conveying emotion and empathy. There follow more than seventy entries that draw on hundreds of authentic examples taken from a variety of sources, including television dramas, comics, interviews, novels, essays, newspaper articles, and web sites. In these examples, students will find playful and creative uses of expressions that do not usually appear in language textbooks. English cues and key Japanese expressions are indexed at the back of the volume, making this a handy reference for anyone who possesses a grasp of the fundamentals of elementary Japanese.

Based on extensive research by a prominent linguist and teacher, Expressive Japanese brings learners into the world of real human interaction and effectively illustrates how native speakers use language to convey identity and a sense of self as well as to communicate feelings and emotion.

"A resourceful and entertaining guide for both students and educators who wish to learn, or learn to teach, emotion words and expressive strategies." —Modern Language Journal (91, 2007)
Author: Maynard, Senko K.;
Senko K. Maynard is Professor II of Japanese language and linguistics at Rutgers University.
Read the introduction (PDF).


I Introduction

1 On Expressive Japanese

2 Expressive Japanese and the Characteristics of Japanese Discourse

3 On Entries

II Emotion

4 When Deeply Moved

1 • Being Emotional and Being Moved

2 • Moved to Tears

3 • Heartfelt Emotion

4 • Moved with Exclamatives

5 • Experiencing Emotion

5 • Joy and Happiness

6 • Tenderness and Warmth

7 • Sadness, Pain, and Diffculties

8 • Loneliness

9 • Dislike and Hatred

10 • Anger and Frustration

11 • Worry and Fear

12 • Jealousy

6 Emotionally Evaluating

13 • Nice, Cool! and Not So Cool!

14 • Characterizing Events with Emotion

15 • Evaluating with Nante and Nanka

16 • Expressing "Konna" Feelings

17 • Afterthoughts about Events

7 Responding to Circumstances Emotionally

18 • When Facing Trouble, Failure, and Misery

19 • Regrets and Self-Mockery

20 • Giving Up

21 • Showing Surprise and Disbelief

22 • Being Relieved or Disappointed

8 When Emotion Is Intense

23 • The Best and the Worst

24 • Adding Extra Emphasis

25 • Expressing Considerable Emotion

26 • Cannot Stop Feeling

27 • Emotional Emphasis through Sound

9 Falling in and out of Love

28 • Proclaiming the Bond of "the Two of Us"

29 • To Feel like Falling in Love

30 • Intimate Vocatives and References to Lovers

31 • Feelings of One’s Aching Heart

32 • Confessing and Declaring Love

33 • Shifting Styles as Love Grows

34 • Refusing Advances

35 • Breaking Up

10 Emotion in Conflict Situations

36 • Defiance

37 • Interjections in Conflict Situations

38 • Cursing and Offensive Language

39 • Denying Relevance

40 • Criticizing Angrily: Nani and Rhetorical Questions

41 • When Trying to End the Conflict

III Empathy

11 Revealing Oneself Softly

42 • Identifying Oneself

43 • Shyness

44 • Preamble to Frankness

45 • Deflecting the Impact of a Remark

46 • Revealing One’s Inner Psychological Process

12 Co-Experiencing Feelings

47 • Sharing Topics

48 • Putting Feelings First

49 • Sharing the Target of Emotion

50 • Meaning through Meaningless Words

51 • Creating Phrases and Sentences Together

52 • Sharing Visual Empathy

53 • Being at a Loss for Words

13 Appealing to Empathy and Amae

54 • Con¤rming Shared Feelings with the Particle Ne

55 • Soliciting the Partner’s Emotional Response

with the Particle Yo

56 • Sharing Empathy through the Particle Mo

57 • Appealing to Social-Expectation-Based Empathy

58 • Good-Natured Teasing

59 • Appealing to Amae

60 • Showing Concern

61 • Expressing Sympathy and Compassion

14 Designing Utterances for the Partner

62 • Being Artfully Vague

63 • Ending the Sentence without a Tone of Finality

64 • Sharing Thoughts as Feelings

65 • Using Question-like Intonation

15 Concerned with Conversational Empathy

66 • Con¤rming Understanding

67 • Being Serious

68 • Seeking Permission to Ask a Personal Question

69 • Leading Up to Negative or Sudden News

70 • Echo Questions and Responses

16 Asserting Oneself Expressively and Being Creative

71 • Showing Conviction and Determination

72 • Expressing Assertiveness through N(o) Da

73 • Commenting on One’s Own Speech

74 • Sarcasm and Tautology

75 • Asserting in Silence

76 • Being Playful and Creative by Mixing Styles

77 • Showing Intimacy through Banter, Puns, and Jokes

Appendix: Information about Authentic Sources

Suggested Reading: References in English for Learning the Japanese Language


Index of English Cues and Subject Index

Index of Japanese Expressions