Hawaii Reader in Traditional Chinese Culture
712pp. February 2005
Hawaii Reader in Traditional Chinese Culture
Editor: Mair, Victor H.; Steinhardt,
Nancy S.; Goldin, Paul R.;
The Hawai‘i Reader in Traditional Chinese Culture is a collection of more than ninety primary sources—all but a few of which were translated specifically for this volume—of cultural significance from the Bronze Age to the turn of the twentieth century. They take into account virtually every aspect of traditional culture, including sources from the non-Sinitic ethnic minorities.

130 illus., 117 color, 11 maps

"An immensely important work in part because of the quality of the contributors and in part because of the design of the book. It should truly appeal to all those interested in the basics of Chinese civilization." —William H. Nienhauser, Jr., Halls-Bascom Professor of Classical Chinese Literature, University of Wisconsin, Madison

"A truly excellent work; it will be widely used not simply because it is much needed but also because it will generate tremendous excitement in the classroom." —Michael Puett, professor of Chinese, Harvard University

Editor: Mair, Victor H.; Steinhardt,
Nancy S.; Goldin, Paul R.;
Victor H. Mair is professor of Asian and Middle Eastern studies at the University of Pennsylvania (click here for an interview with the author). Nancy S. Steinhardt is professor of East Asian art at the University of Pennsylvania and curator of Chinese art at the University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Paul R. Goldin is professor of Chinese thought at the University of Pennsylvania.

"For many students, this book will be part of their first systematic exposure to learning about China. As such, we wanted to make it as comprehensive as possible within the limits naturally imposed by the amount of material that can reasonably be absorbed within a single semester. One of our main goals has been to help the student realize that China is not a monolithic state with a monotonous culture and a static past. The myth of a thoroughly homogeneous, ultrastable empire, although widespread and persistent, is far from true. China never existed as a 'nation of uniformity.' To the contrary, we are faced with a multifaceted country that possesses an extremely complicated history and a richly varied mix of regional and ethnic traditions."

List of Contributors

Historical Chronology




1. Shang Dynasty Oracle Bone Inscriptions—Gilbert L. Mattos

2. Shang and Zhou Ritual Bronze Inscriptions—Gilbert L. Mattos

3. Astronomy in Early Chinese Sources—David Pankenier

4. Milfoil-Divination—Paul Rakita Goldin

5. Heaven’s Mandate—Paul Rakita Goldin

6. The Odes—Paul Rakita Goldin

7. Confucius and the Birth of Chinese Philosophy—Paul Rakita Goldin

8. The Challenge of Mo Zi—Paul Rakita Goldin

9. Mencius’s Defense of Confucianism—Paul Rakita Goldin

10. “Great Learning,” “Application of Equilibrium,” and “Five Forms of Conduct”—Paul Rakita Goldin

11. The World of the Zuozhuan—Paul Rakita Goldin

12. The Tradition of the Daode jing—Paul Rakita Goldin

13. Zhuang Zi—Victor H. Mair

14. The Paradoxes of Hui Shi and Others—Paul Rakita Goldin

15. The Lyrics of Chu and the Aesthetic of Shamanism—Paul Rakita Goldin

16. Filial Piety—Paul Rakita Goldin

17. Methods of War of Sun Wu and Sun Bin—Paul Rakita Goldin

18. Xun Zi and the Confucian Way—Paul Rakita Goldin

19. Early Discussions of Music and Literature—Paul Rakita Goldin

20. Vestments of Mourning—Paul Rakita Goldin

21. Han Fei Zi and His Antecedents—Paul Rakita Goldin

22. Anecdotes from the Warring States—Paul Rakita Goldin

23. The Laws of Qin before the Empire—Paul Rakita Goldin

24. The Rise and Fall of the Qin Empire—Paul Rakita Goldin

25. Huang-Lao—Paul Rakita Goldin

26. The Five Phases—Paul Rakita Goldin

27. The Xiongnu—Paul Rakita Goldin

28. Sima Qian, “Account of the Legendary Physician Bian Que”—Alan Berkowitz

29. Sima Qian, “Letter to Ren An”—Paul Rakita Goldin

30. The Rationalism of Wang Chong—Paul Rakita Goldin

31. Admonitions for Women—Paul Rakita Goldin

32. Zhang Heng, “Western Metropolis Rhapsody”—David R. Knechtges

33. Scripture on Great Peace (Taiping jing)—Barbara Hendrischke

34. Cao Pi, “A Discourse on Literature”—Xiaofei Tian

35. Legends of Confucius—Lionel M. Jensen

36. Medicines from The Divine Husbandman’s Canon of Materia Medica—Alan Berkowitz

37. Huangfu Mi, Preface to and Biographies from Accounts of High-Minded Men—Alan Berkowitz

38. The Seven Worthies of the Bamboo Grove—Paul Rakita Goldin

39. Lu Bao, “On the Money God”—Victor Xiong

40. Xie Lingyun, “Record of Excursions to Famous Mountains, Preface”—Alan Berkowitz

41. Fan Ye, “Preface—Accounts of Disengaged Persons”—Alan Berkowitz

42. Buddhism and Language in Early Medieval China—Daniel Boucher

43. Buddhism and Indigenous Chinese Culture—Richard Mather

44. Early Medieval Filial Piety Stories—Keith Knapp

45. The Elevation of Belles Lettres—Zong-qi Cai

46. Legends of the Original Vow of the Bodhisattva of the Earth Sanctuary—Lindy Li Mark

47. Huineng, Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch—Robert Foster

48. Sima Guang, “The Battle of Mang Shan”—David A. Graff

49. “The Tale of Master Yuan of Mount Lu”—Tansen Sen, Victor H. Mair

50. Tang Poems as Vehicles for Ideas—Denis Mair

51. Dou Yi, a Mid-Tang Businessman—Victor Xiong

52. Han Yu, “Memorial on the Relic of the Buddha”—Victor Xiong

53. Han Yu, “The Original Way”—Robert Foster

54. The First Recorded Cinderella Story—Victor H. Mair

55. Late Tang Foreign Relations: The Uyghur Crisis—Michael R. Drompp

56. Political and Economic Problems Concerning Buddhism—Xinru Liu

57. Guo Xi, “Advice on Landscape”—John Hay, Victor H. Mair, Susan Bush, Hsio-yen Shih

58. Su Shi, “Parable of the Sun”—Robert Foster

59. Zhu Qiqian, “A Song Dynasty Silk-Tapestry (kesi) Bag with Strap”—Angela Sheng

60. Fang Lüe, “Inscription for the Temple of Auspicious Response”—Hugh Clark

61. The Discovery of Crystallized Sugar—Sucheta Mazumdar

62. Recollections of the Northern Song Capital—Stephen H. West

63. Zhang Jiucheng’s explanation of Zhang Zai’s “Western Inscription”—Robert Foster

64. Zhu Xi, Introduction to Redacted Centrality and Commonality—Robert Foster

65. Dragons, Tigers, and Elixirs: Alchemy in Medieval China—Lowell Skar

66. Zuqin, “Autobiographical Sermon”—Pei-yi Wu

67. Vernacular Paraphrases of the Classics for the Mongol Rulers—Victor H. Mair

68. Yuan Period Medical Cases—Charlotte Furth

69. Ni Zan, Cloud Forest Hall Collection of Rules for Drinking and Eating—Eugene N. Anderson, Teresa Wang, Victor H. Mair

70. Tang Shi, “Lament for a Girl,” four stanzas—Wayne Schlepp

71. Wang Yangming, “Inquiry on the Great Learning”—Robert Foster

72. In Praise of Martyrs: Widow-Suicide in Late Imperial China—Katherine Carlitz

73. Lu Xixing (attrib.), Romance of the Investiture of the Gods—Gary Seaman, Victor H. Mair

74. Imperial Preface to The Revised Collected Statutes of the Ming—Romeyn Taylor

75. Schools and Civil Service in the Ming Dynasty—Jan L. Hagman

76. Accounts of Bengal in Extensive Records on Four Foreign Lands—Narayan Chandra Sen

77. Chen Zongyou, Exposition of the Original Shaolin Staff Method—Meir Shahar

78. Li Yu, “A Handful of Snow”—Tina Lu

79. Shen Cheng, “A Requiem for My Daughter Zhen”—Pei-yi Wu

80. Zhang Maozi, A Record of Life Beyond My Due—Lynn Struve

81. Feng Menglong, Preface to Mountain Songs—Kathryn Lowry

82. Fang Yizhi, Introduction to Notes on the Principle of Things—Robert Foster

83. Gu Yanwu, Preface to Five Treatises on Phonology—Thomas Bartlett

84. Yu Yonghe, Small Sea Travelogue—Emma Teng

85. Miao Albums—Laura Hostetler

86. Yuan Mei: Champion of Individual Taste—Denis Mair

87. Gesar of Ling Epic—Robin Kornman

88. To Hell and Back: A Nineteenth-Century Fable—Donald S. Sutton

89. Biographies of Exemplary Women—Susan Mann

90. Kang Youwei, “An Investigation into the Reforms of Confucius”—Robert Foster

91. Lu Xun, An Outsider’s Chats about Written Language—Victor H. Mair

92. Xu Bing, “The Living Word”—Ann L. Hess, Victor H. Mair

Suggestions for Further Reading