The Japanese Self in Cultural Logic
Quantity:
304pp. September 2004
The Japanese Self in Cultural Logic
Author: Lebra, Takie Sugiyama;
The self serves as a universally available, effective, and indispensable filter for making sense of the chaos of the world. In her latest book, Takie Lebra attempts a new understanding of the Japanese self through her unique use of cultural logic. She begins by presenting and elaborating on two models ("opposition logic" and "contingency logic") to examine concepts of self, Japanese and otherwise. Guided by these, she delves into the three layers of the Japanese self, focusing first on the social layer as located in four "zones"—omote (front), uchi (interior), ura (back), and soto (exterior)—and its shifts from zone to zone. New light is shed on these familiar linguistic and spatial categories by introducing the dimension of civility.

The book expands the discussion in relation to larger constructions of the inner and cosmological self. Unlike the social self, which views itself in relation to the "other," the inner layer involves a reflexivity in which self communicates with self. While the social self engages in dialogue or trialogue, the inner self communicates through monologue or soliloquy. The cosmological layer, which centers around transcendental beliefs and fantasies, is examined and the analysis supplemented with comments on aesthetics. Throughout, Lebra applies her methodology to dozens of Japanese examples and makes relevant comparisons with North American culture and notions of self. Finally, she provides a spirited analysis of critiques of Nihonjinron to reinforce the relevancy of Japanese studies.

This volume is the culmination of decades of thinking on self and social relations by one of the most influential scholars in the field. It will prove highly instructive to Japanese and non-Japanese readers alike in a range of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, and social psychology.

illus.

"Drawing on decades of experience and research, Lebra here offers us a compelling account of the Japanese self. . . . An erudite and welcome contribution." —Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology (January 2007)

"Offers a unifying theoretical framework ... highlighting tensions and tradeoffs in the relationship between self and society in Japan." —Anthropological Quarterly (Fall 2005)

Author: Lebra, Takie Sugiyama;
Takie Sugiyama Lebra is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of Hawai‘i.
Read the prologue (PDF).
Prologue

Acknowledgments

1 Logical Models for Self Analysis:
Opposition and Contingency

2 Social Self in Front and Interior Zones: Omote and Uchi

3 Social Self in Back and Exterior Zones: Ura and Soto,
Anomalous Counterparts to Omote and Uchi

4 The Inner, Reflexive Self: Interiority and Exteriority
in Contingency

5 Self in Cosmology and Aesthetics

Epilogue: In Defense of Japan Studies

References

Index




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